Variations in total ozone column and sun exposures able to cause erythema and damage the DNA molecules were observed by the narrow-band filter radiometer UV-RAD in Bologna, Italy from 2005 to 2010. The ozone columns determined from the UV-RAD measurements were found to be close to those provided by the satellite Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) showing an average discrepancy of 1 % with standard deviation of ± 6 %.
Analysis of the data highlights a well-marked annual cycle of the ozone column variations while the oscillations with periods of 8, 18 and 34 months present much smaller amplitudes. The influence of the frequency of solar irradiance measurements on the accuracy of the evaluated daily exposure dose has been studied and it was found that time intervals no longer than 5–10 min between the measurements of erythema and DNA damage effective UV irradiances provide a satisfactory assessment of the corresponding daily exposures.
The latter do not present significant year-to-year variations for the period under study, while their annual distributions show slight changes likely due to the specific cloud cover and ozone column variability for different years. The annual erythemal exposure dose for 2007–2010 varied between 603.7 and 638.1 kJ m−2, while the corresponding sun exposure affecting DNA changed from 6.38 to 7.91 kJ m−2.
Petkov, B., Vitale, V., Tomasi, C., Mazzola, M., Lanconelli, C., Lupi, A. and Busetto, M., 2014. Variations in total ozone column and biologically effective solar UV exposure doses in Bologna, Italy during the period 2005–2010. International journal of biometeorology, 58(1), pp.31-39.
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