A near-infrared sensitive hybrid photovoltaic system between PbS nanocrystals (PbS-NCs) and C60 is demonstrated. Up to 0.44% power conversion efficiency is obtained under AM1.5G with a short circuit current density (Jsc) of 5 mA cm−2 when the PbS-NC layer is treated in anhydrous methanol. The observed Jsc is found be approximately one-third of the maximum expected from this hybrid configuration, indicating the potential for further optimization. Crucial for device operation, a smooth film of nanocrystals is seen to form on the hole transporting poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) layer deposited on the transparent electrode, facilitated through an ionic interaction between nanocrystal capping ligands and the PEDOT:PSS. The formation of the open circuit voltage in this system is seen to be influenced by an interfacial dipole formed at the hole-extracting electrode, providing insights for further optimization.
Dissanayake, D.M.N.M., Hatton, R.A., Lutz, T., Curry, R.J. and Silva, S.R.P., 2009. The fabrication and analysis of a PbS nanocrystal: C60 bilayer hybrid photovoltaic system. Nanotechnology, 20(24), p.245202.
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