Synthesis of Cu (In, Ga)(S, Se) 2 thin films using an aqueous spray-pyrolysis approach, and their solar cell efficiency of 10.5%.

11 November 2015

Abstract

Semiconducting Cu(In,Ga)(S,Se)2 (CIGSSe) thin-film is prepared by the spray-pyrolysis of aqueous precursor solutions of copper (CuCl2), indium (InCl3), gallium (GaCl3), and sulphur (SC(NH2)2) sources. The non-vacuum approach of making the CIGSSe thin film using environmentally benign halide-based aqueous precursor solutions paves the way for fabricating solar cells at a much cheaper cost. Here, gallium (Ga) is incorporated into the host lattice of CuIn(S,Se)2 (CISSe) films grown on a Mo-coated soda-lime glass substrate to modify the optoelectronic properties of CIGSSe films.

The bandgap engineered, Ga-doped CIGSSe film leads to better photovoltaic characteristics and shows one of the highest efficiency for CIGS thin film solar cell made by the non-vacuum deposition of environmentally-friendly precursors. The optimum efficiency of solar cells with the device configuration of glass/Mo/CIGSSe/CdS/i-ZnO/AZO show j–V characteristics of Voc = 0.621 V, jsc = 24.29 mA cm−2, FF = 69.84%, and a power conversion efficiency of 10.54% under simulated AM 1.5, 100 mW cm−2 illuminations, demonstrating its potential in making a cost-effective thin film solar cell.

Citation

Hossain, M.A., Tianliang, Z., Keat, L.K., Xianglin, L., Prabhakar, R.R., Batabyal, S.K., Mhaisalkar, S.G. and Wong, L.H., 2015. Synthesis of Cu (In, Ga)(S, Se) 2 thin films using an aqueous spray-pyrolysis approach, and their solar cell efficiency of 10.5%. Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 3(8), pp.4147-4154.

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Categories: Solar & Photovoltaics

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