Herein the preparation and cathodoluminescence of nanoparticles of cubic Y2O3:Tb3+ having Tb3+ concentration varying between 0.1 and 10 Mol% are described. The cathodoluminescence spectra were recorded with a high resolution spectrometer, which enabled the identification of Tb3+ lines with C2 and S6 symmetry: the lines at 542.8 nm and 544.4 nm were designated as 5D4→7F5 (C2) and 5D4→7F5 (S6) respectively. The critical distance for energy transfer from Tb3+ ions at S6 lattice sites to Tb3+ ions at C2 lattice sites was found to be >1.7 nm.
At the greater distances which prevail at low Tb3+ concentration, this energy transfer virtually stops. From cathodoluminescence spectra recorded in a scanning transmission electron microscope it was concluded that this energy transfer also did not take place if the temperature was reduced below 102 K. The efficiency of the cathodoluminescence of 1% Y2O3:Tb3+ was 6 lm/w at a beam voltage of 15 kV. The decay time of the 5D4→7F5 (C2) transition was substantially shorter than that of the 5D4→7F5 (S6) transition at low Tb3+ concentrations. The decay behavior of the cathodoluminescence images in a field emission scanning electron microscope has been explained in terms of phosphor saturation.
den Engelsen, D., Harris, P.G., Ireland, T.G., Fern, G. and Silver, J., 2015. Symmetry-related transitions in the spectrum of nanosized Cubic Y2O3: Tb3+. ECS Journal of Solid State Science and Technology, 4(7), pp.R105-R113.
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Categories: Photonics & Optoelectronics