The spectral albedo of the earth's surface, i.e. the ratio between spectral irradiance reflected by the ground to all directions and global irradiance, was measured by a spectroradiometer in the UV and visible region from 290 nm to 800 nm with a spectral resolution of 1.5 nm at steps of 2 nm in the UV (290–400 nm) and 10 nm in the visible (400–800 nm) region. The measurements were performed over bare fertile soil, sand at the beach, concrete (autobahn) and snow as well as over different types of vegetation (grass, oats, rye, sugar-beet, stubble).
As the albedo increases with increasing wavelengths for most types of surfaces considered, it is smaller in the UV than in the visible region. In the UVB region (λ < 315 nm) the measured albedo is as small as 0.016-0.017 over vegetation, 0.04-0.05 over bare fertile soil, 0.07-0.10 over concrete (“autobahn”) and 0.62-0.76% over polluted snow with a small wavelength dependence. A somewhat higher albedo occurs in the UVA region (315 < λ < 400 nm) with values ranging from 0.02 over vegetation to 0.05 to 0.08 over bare soil.
The albedo over dry bright sand, which is typically found at the beach, is significantly higher (0.14 at 300 nm to 0.24 at 400 nm) than over other snow-free surfaces, thus leading to an enhanced dose of biologically effective radiation at the beach.
Feister, U. and Grewe, R., 1995. Spectral albedo measurements in the UV and visible region over different types of surfaces. Photochemistry and Photobiology, 62(4), pp.736-744.
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Categories: Photonics & Optoelectronics