Optimization of Charge Carrier Extraction in Colloidal Quantum Dots Short‐Wave Infrared Photodiodes through Optical Engineering.
11 September 2018
Colloidal quantum dots (QDs) have attracted scientific interest for infrared (IR) optoelectronic devices due to their bandgap tunability and the ease of fabrication on arbitrary substrates. In this work, short‐wave IR photodetectors based on lead sulfide (PbS) QDs with high detectivity and low dark current is demonstrated.
Using a combination of time‐resolved photoluminescence, carrier transport, and capacitance–voltage measurements, it is proved that the charge carrier diffusion length in the QD layer is negligible such that only photogenerated charges in the space charge region can be collected.
To maximize the carrier extraction, an optical model for PbS QD‐based photodiodes is developed, and through optical engineering, the cavity at the wavelength of choice is optimized. This universal optimization recipe is applied to detectors sensitive to wavelengths above 1.4 µm, leading to external quantum efficiency of 30% and specific detectivity (D*) in the range of 1012 Jones.
Georgitzikis, E., Malinowski, P.E., Maes, J., Hadipour, A., Hens, Z., Heremans, P. and Cheyns, D., 2018. Optimization of Charge Carrier Extraction in Colloidal Quantum Dots Short‐Wave Infrared Photodiodes through Optical Engineering. Advanced Functional Materials, p.1804502.
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