A simple flow manifold coupled to an atomiser, source, inductively coupled plasmas in atomic fluorescence spectrometry (ASIA) system for the pre-concentration of refractory elements is described. A miniature column of Amberlite IRA-93 anion-exchange resin was used to pre-concentrate refractory elements such as tungsten, molybdenum, zirconium and vanadium as their oxyanions from synthetic aqueous solutions before detection. A study of the parameters that affect the performance of the method is described. The pre-concentrated species were eluted with a stream of ethanolic ammonia directly into the nebuliser of the atomiser plasma. The limits of detection based on a sample volume of 35 ml (sampling time 5 min at 7 ml min–1) were 65 and 15 ng ml–1 for tungsten and molybdenum, respectively.
Relative standard deviations of 4.28 and 5.24% were obtained for 0.5 and 0.1 µg ml–1 concentrations of tungsten and molybdenum, respectively. Further improvements in detection limits were obtained after modification to the instrument; although the main objective of this work was to develop a pre-concentration method applicable to the simultaneous determination of a number of refractory elements, this was not achieved. However, the proposed method could be used for pre-concentration of tungsten and molybdenum.
Greenfield, S., Durrani, T.M., Kaya, S. and Tyson, J.F., 1990. On-line pre-concentration of refractory elements for atomiser, source, inductively coupled plasmas in atomic fluorescence spectrometry (ASIA). Analyst, 115(5), pp.531-534.
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Category: Photonics & Optoelectronics