Near-field interactions between metal nanoparticle surface plasmons and molecular excitons in thin-films

Abstract

In this and the following paper (parts I and II, respectively), we systematically study the interactions between surface plasmons of metal nanoparticles (NPs) with excitons in thin-films of organic media. In an effort to exclusively probe near-field interactions, we utilize spherical Ag NPs in a size-regime where far-field light scattering is negligibly small compared to absorption.

n part I, we discuss the effect of the presence of these Ag NPs on the absorption of the embedding medium by means of experiment, numerical simulations, and analytical calculations, all shown to be in good agreement. We observe absorption enhancement in the embedding medium due to the Ag NPs with a strong dependence on the medium permittivity, the spectral position relative to the surface plasmon resonance frequency, and the thickness of the organic layer. By introducing a low-index spacer layer between the NPs and the organic medium, this absorption enhancement is experimentally confirmed to be a near-field effect.

In part II, we probe the impact of the Ag NPs on the emission of organic molecules by time-resolved and steady-state photoluminescence measurements.

Citation

Niesen, B., Rand, B.P., Van Dorpe, P., Cheyns, D., Shen, H., Maes, B. and Heremans, P., 2012. Near-field interactions between metal nanoparticle surface plasmons and molecular excitons in thin-films. Part I: Absorption. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 116(45), pp.24206-24214.

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Categories: Solar & Photovoltaics

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