The unusual temperature dependence of exciton emission decay in CsPbX3 perovskite nanocrystals (NCs) attracts considerable attention. Upon cooling, extremely short (sub-ns) lifetimes were observed and were explained by an inverted bright–dark state splitting. Here, we report temperature-dependent exciton lifetimes for CsPbCl3 NCs doped with 0–41% Mn2+.
The exciton emission lifetime increases upon cooling from 300 to 75 K. Upon further cooling, a strong and fast sub-ns decay component develops. However, the decay is strongly biexponential and also a weak, slow decay component is observed with a ∼40–50 ns lifetime below 20 K. The slow component has a ∼5–10 times stronger relative intensity in Mn-doped NCs compared to that in undoped CsPbCl3 NCs.
The temperature dependence of the slow component resembles that of CdSe and PbSe quantum dots with an activation energy of ∼19 meV for the dark–bright state splitting. Based on our observations, we propose an alternative explanation for the short, sub-ns exciton decay time in CsPbX3 NCs. Slow bright–dark state relaxation at cryogenic temperatures gives rise to almost exclusively bright state emission.
Incorporation of Mn2+ or high magnetic fields enhances the bright–dark state relaxation and allows for the observation of the long-lived dark state emission at cryogenic temperatures.
Xu, K., Vliem, J.F. and Meijerink, A., 2018. Long-Lived Dark Exciton Emission in Mn-Doped CsPbCl3 Perovskite Nanocrystals. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C.
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