The output properties of X-ray radioluminescence (RL) nuclear batteries with different phosphor layers were investigated by using low-energy X-ray. Results indicated that the values of electrical parameters increased as the X-ray energy increased, and the output power of nuclear battery with ZnS:Cu phosphor layer was greater than those of batteries with ZnS:Ag, (Zn,Cd)S:Cu or Y2O3:Eu phosphor layers under the same excitation conditions.
To analyze the RL effects of the phosphor layers under X-ray excitation, we measured the RL spectra of the different phosphor layers. Their fluorescence emissions were absorbed by the GaAs device. In addition, considering luminescence utilization in batteries, we introduced an aluminum (Al) film between the X-ray emitter and phosphor layer. Al film is a high performance reflective material and can increase the fluorescence reaching the GaAs photovoltaic device. This approach significantly improved the output power of the battery.
Zhang, Z.R., Liu, Y.P., Tang, X.B., Xu, Z.H., Yuan, Z.C., Liu, K. and Chen, W., 2018. GaAs low-energy X-ray radioluminescence nuclear battery. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, 415, pp.9-16.
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Category: Solar & Photovoltaics