Cu–Zn–Sn (CZT) precursors for Cu2ZnSnSe4 (CZTSe) solar cell were prepared by electrochemical co-deposition method with different metals composition. CZT precursors were preliminary annealed in three different atmospheres in order to obtain homogenous, without pores Cu–Zn–Sn layers. A high crystalline quality CZTSe absorber was synthesised as has been determined by X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy methods. CZTSe based solar cells were fabricated and champion cell demonstrated 2.7% efficiency and reached as high as 70% of external quantum efficiency.
Scanning electron microscope investigations of CZTSe solar cells cross-section revealed that Mo/CZTSe interface exhibits large voids and local delamination from Mo layer. The back contact issues are detrimental to solar cell performance reducing shunt resistance and open circuit voltage.
Kondrotas, R., Juškėnas, R., Naujokaitis, A., Selskis, A., Giraitis, R., Mockus, Z., Kanapeckaitė, S., Niaura, G., Xie, H., Sánchez, Y. and Saucedo, E., 2015. Characterization of Cu 2 ZnSnSe 4 solar cells prepared from electrochemically co-deposited Cu–Zn–Sn alloy. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 132, pp.21-28.
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